Blood Sugar Levels
The A1c is a blood test done at your doctor’s office or health clinic that tells you and your doctor your average blood sugar for the past two to three months.
What is a desirable A1c number?
- A1c goals are individualized. Ideally, A1c is less than 7 or 8%. You and your health care provider will decide the A1c goal best for you.
Why is A1c important?
- A1c is our best predictor of who is likely to develop complications related to high blood sugars.
High Blood Sugar
High blood sugar damages your blood vessels. This can lead to complications that
affect the entire body. By controlling your blood sugar you will reduce the risk of developing these complications.
Low Blood Sugar
Patients who are at risk for low blood sugar should carry carbohydrates with them at all times.
Helping to manage diabetes can be challenging. With the right lifestyle and treatment plan you can manage your condition and its associated health issues. Download the full diabetes guide PDF to learn more details.
- Eat three well balanced meals every day. Always start your day by eating breakfast.
- Reduce or eliminate processed foods.
- Prepare your own food and eat out less.
- Reduce carbohydrate intake.
- Increase vegetables.
- Minimize or eliminate added sugars.
- Daily physical activity promotes good blood
sugar and stress management.
- Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise at
least five days a week.
- Daily exercise can be all at once, or divided
two to three times daily.
Stress has a significant impact on your blood sugar levels. Reduce stress by:
- Tai Chi
- Social interaction
Do Not Smoke
Smoking Cessation Hotline
Need help to stop smoking? Call the Cottage Health Smoking Cessation Hotline - 1-855-CHS-WELL (1-855-247-9355)
Smoking puts you at greater risk for:
- Kidney failure
- Heart attack
- For assistance, go to smokefree.gov
(see page 40 for resources)