Diabetes Education

  • Diabetes Wellness Guide

Diabetes Wellness Guide

A bowl in the shape of a heart filled with fruits and vegetables.

Understanding Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

A result of when the pancreas does not produce insulin.

  • It is necessary to take insulin multiple
    times daily to control blood sugar

  • Follow a healthy diet and count the
    amount of carbohydrates you eat

  • Check blood sugar at least four
    times daily

  • Daily exercise helps control blood sugar

  • 10% of people with diabetes have
    Type 1 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

A result of insulin resistance and insulin deficiency. The cells of the body do not respond to insulin normally. This is called insulin resistance. The pancreas releases more insulin trying to overcome the insulin resistance.

  • Pills and/or insulin are used to control blood sugar

  • A healthy diet is an essential part of treatment

  • Daily exercise helps control blood sugar
  • 90% of people with diabetes have Type 2 Diabetes

Blood Sugar LevelsDiabetes blood sugar level chart

The A1c is a blood test done at your doctor’s office or health clinic that tells you and your doctor your average blood sugar for the past two to three months.

What is a desirable A1c number?
  • A1c goals are individualized. Ideally, A1c is less than 7 or 8%. You and your health care provider will decide the A1c goal best for you.
Why is A1c important?
  • A1c is our best predictor of who is likely to develop complications related to high blood sugars.
High Blood Sugar

High blood sugar damages your blood vessels. This can lead to complications that
affect the entire body. By controlling your blood sugar you will reduce the risk of developing these complications.

Low Blood Sugar

Patients who are at risk for low blood sugar should carry carbohydrates with them at all times.

Healthy Lifestyle

Helping to manage diabetes can be challenging. With the right lifestyle and treatment plan you can manage your condition and its associated health issues. Download the full diabetes guide PDF to learn more details.

Eat HealthyFruits and vegetables
  • Eat three well balanced meals every day. Always start your day by eating breakfast.
  • Reduce or eliminate processed foods.
  • Prepare your own food and eat out less.
  • Reduce carbohydrate intake.
  • Increase vegetables.
  • Minimize or eliminate added sugars.
Physical Activity
  • Daily physical activity promotes good blood
    sugar and stress management.
  • Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise at
    least five days a week.
  • Daily exercise can be all at once, or divided
    two to three times daily.
Manage StressA couple standing over their bikes together

Stress has a significant impact on your blood sugar levels. Reduce stress by:

  • Meditation
  • Yoga
  • Tai Chi
  • Hiking
  • Hobbies
  • Swimming
  • Walking
  • Social interaction
Do Not Smoke

Smoking Cessation Hotline

Need help to stop smoking? Call the Cottage Health Smoking Cessation Hotline - 1-855-CHS-WELL (1-855-247-9355)

Smoking puts you at greater risk for:

  • Blindness
  • Amputation
  • Kidney failure
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • For assistance, go to smokefree.gov
    (see page 40 for resources)

Diabetes Wellness Guide

A man consulting with his doctor

Download the complete Diabetes Wellness Guide for additional details on diabetes management, medications, and resources.

Download Guide

Descarga la Guía

Diabetes Medications

insulin injection

There are many medications to help treat diabetes, consult your physician to see which is best for your situation.

See Options